Is your motorcycle running lean? A motorcycle with an engine that’s running lean will likely idle or run sluggish, causing the engine and exhaust pipes to become hotter than normal. A lean motorcycle engine is actually unhealthy for the bike, especially if the problem persists for a long time. Luckily, this is a common problem with some simple solutions. Here’s how to spot and handle the issue.
How do you diagnose an engine running lean?
Every engine that runs on either diesel fuel or gasoline requires the correct balance of air and fuel for combustion to take place. A ratio that’s too lean means the engine is getting more air than it needs and not enough fuel, causing the mixture to burn much hotter than usual. Some of the signs that indicate your motorcycle is running lean include:
- Rough idles: This is usually the first sign you’re running lean. When you start the motorcycle, pay attention to whether it’s staying on by itself or you’re noticing a rough sputter while stationary.
- Sluggish ride: Noticing your bike running with a lot less energy? Lean engines are a lot less powerful than engines that are running at peak performance, as the engine isn’t receiving enough fuel to run efficiently.
- Hot engine and exhaust pipes: A lean mixture causes the engine to burn hotter, causing the exhaust pipes to become very hot. In some cases, you may see smoke coming from the engine, and the pipes can even turn blue. This is a direct indication that your motorcycle is running lean.
How do you fix the problem of a motorcycle engine running lean?
A lean motorcycle engine usually is caused by faults in the fuel delivery system. More specifically, the problem likely lies with the carburetor. The carburetor delivers both fuel and air in appropriate ratios to the engine’s combustion chamber. Usually, the cause of the problem is clogged jets inside the carburetor, resulting from dirt particles that have found their way inside.
If you take a look at your bike’s carburetor, you’ll notice screws on the side of the component. One of the screws directly controls how much gas the carburetor delivers. Unscrewing it causes more gas to enter the combustion chamber, while screwing it in tighter will reduce that amount. If your motorcycle engine is running lean, unscrew slightly to increase gas flow to the engine. It’s best to refer to your owner’s manual to determine where exactly the screw is located and how much you’ll need to turn it.
If you’ve done some experimenting and the problem doesn’t seem to resolve itself, you’re likely dealing with a faulty carburetor that should be addressed either by cleaning or replacement. Bring your motorcycle to a trusted mechanic for an inspection.
A motorcycle running lean is never a good thing—if the issue isn’t addressed quickly, it can result in costly damage to important engine components. Need help operating your bike safely and efficiently? Reach out to Escape Eagles today and learn more about essential motorcycle care tips to keep your bike running smoothly for years to come.